The literal meaning of theology is 'thinking about God'. Theology is essentially the study of the nature of what God is, its definition and religious creeds.
Theology can be seen in multiple ways as simply general education. A theologian necessitates the need to strengthen the skills of a linguist, philosopher and historian. Some theologians will need to accumulate profound skills in languages, others in anthropology, sociology and psychology.
It is can thus be assumed that the role of theology fosters a kind of 'faith seeking understanding', with a complete dichotomy definition of 'I must understand before I can believe' also being valid.
Theology cleary aims to tackle metaphysical questions to our existence, meaning it can never constrain itself to one group or school of thought. However, as of now, we will limit researched and authentic scholarly literature to the real of Islamic understandings.